Collecting Research on the Effects of Qigong and Taijiquan

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Collecting Research on the Effects of Qigong and Taijiquan

In recent years there has been a multitude of studies on the effect of Qigong and Taichi both healthy people, and people with various health conditions. The results of these studies have been very promising, and they indicate that these techniques can provide multiple health benefits.

IMPROVING THE WELFARE OF PEOPLE HEALTHY

In one of the first studies to assess the effect of anti-aging Taichi, researchers found that regular practice of this technique can increase the number of CD34 cells (+), a type of stem cell important for a number of body functions and structures. The increase of these cells helps slow the aging process (Cell Transplantation 2014).

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19880433

Taichi improves attention on students, He says US study published in Frontiers in Human Neuroscience (2014).

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3902356/

Qigong and Taichi improve balance, according to the Spanish study in which participated 30 women without major medical conditions (Journal of Intergrative Medicine).

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23867242

How Tai Chi improves balance? The researchers studied the mechanisms that make the Taichi improve the balance, and they concluded that some important factors are changing the position of the feet and the stimulation of the vestibular apparatus (Medical Science Monitor, 2007).

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17660722

In the US study, Participants were asked blood tests before and after class Taichi. It was found that after class, had fewer pro-inflammatory cells circulating in the blood (Biomedical Sciences Instrumentation, 2013).

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23686202

Taichi can improve the sense of touch, according to a study it made comparison between Taichi experienced practitioners and the control group (Experimental Brain Research, 2008).

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18512052

 

OLD PEOPLE

The study conducted in China investigated the effect of Qigong practiced by elderly people in wheelchairs, and he found improvements in blood pressure and in the perception of psychological well-being, compared to the control group (Biological Reserch for Nursing 2011).

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21385797

In the US study 256 people 70 the 92 age, without medical conditions but sedentary, They were divided into a group of Taichi and other stretching. After six months, participants Taichi group showed improvement in measures of balance and reduced risk of falls, compared to the control groups (Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, 2004).

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15570138

The US study published in Clinical Interventions in Aging (2014), the 145 seniors who participated in the program showed the end Taichi significant improvement in tests of balance.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25120356

The Korean study 82 older women with osteoarthritis concluded that the practice of Taichi improved bone density and reduced the fear of falls (Journal of Alternative and Complimentary Medicine, 2010).

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20192907

According to the study published in The American Journal of Geriatric Phychiatry (2011), Taichi practice helps seniors with symptoms of depression.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21358389

Another study in Hong Kong has reached the same conclusion (Aging and Mental Health, 2013).

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23072658

A meta-analysis 4 studies 253 total participants concluded that Tai Chi can help reduce symptoms of depression in the elderly (Geriatrics and Gerontology International, 2012).

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22680972

The study of 389 elderly people with dementia risk, held in Hong Kong, said the positive effect of the practice of Taichi cognitive function in these individuals (International Journal of Geriatric Phsychiatry, 2011).

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21495078

The systematic review of existing research also concluded that Tai Chi can improve cognitive function in older people (Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, 2014).

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24383523

The Canadian study 152 Participants concluded that the Taichi is more effective in preventing falls in older people physiotherapy (Disability and Rehabilitation, 2012).

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23167499

The Australian study 702 people confirmed the value of Taichi classes to improve balance and reduce the risk of falls in older people (Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, 2007).

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17661956

The systematic review of 159 investigations of various physical exercises for older people concluded that Tai Chi reduced the risk of falls (The Cochrane Database of Systematic Review, 2012).

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22972103

The interesting American-Chinese study investigated the effect of Taichi (comparing with walks, social interactions and the control group) on the brain of the elderly. MRI was obtained before and after 40 Taichi weeks and other interventions. Brain volume increased Taichi groups and social interactions. Participants in the group Taichi showed greater improvement in cognitive function than in the other groups (Journal of Alzeimer's Disease, 2012).

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22451320

Taichi can reduce inflammatory markers in the elderly, according to the study published in the American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry (2012).

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21934474

Mexican investigators found that Taichi has more antioxidant effect on older people who exercise walking (Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity, 2013). The study compared the effect of Taichi with special exercises proprioception, It concluded that the two types of exercises increased ankle neuromuscular function in older people, but also participants Taichi group were more satisfied with their program than the other group (Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine, 2012).

CHILDREN

The study in Sweden 2010 I conclude that the practice of Qigong improved the welfare of students school. The children of 13-14 years practicing Qigong twice a week for eight weeks showed reduced stress level and improved self-image, compared to the control group (Journal of Alternative and Complimentary Medicine).

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20738165

Taichi can improve lung function in asthmatic children, according to the study published in 2008 en Journal of Microbiology, Immunology and infection.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18327432

 

CARDIAC CONDITIONS

In the study published in the journal Preventive Cardiology (2007) Qigong for people with chronic atrial fibrillation, cardiac functional capacity to those who met 16 weeks training increased Qigong 27%, while stayed the same in the control group.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17215629

According to another study published in the International Heart Journal (2010), Taichi practice four times a week helps regulate the autonomic nervous system in patients with coronary disease. Taichi practitioners at the end of the year had a significant improvement in sensitivity barrorefleja, It is marking a major activity of the autonomic nervous system, which shows greater activity of the vagus nerve and lower mortality risk.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20716839

The Taiwanese study, publicado en American Journal of Chinese Medicine (2010) also it demonstrated that the practice of Taichi improved the prognosis for people undergoing cardiac rehabilitation.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20503465

 

RESPIRATORY CONDITIONS

According to the study 2011 in Hong Kong, the symptoms of patients with COPD improved more with a three-month Taichi and Qigong exercises with other.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21296261

In the American study published in the journal Respiratory Care (2010), COPD participants at the end of the program Taichi 12 weeks showed a significant improvement in respiratory function, compared to the control group.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20979675

The study in Hong Kong in which 206 People with COPD were randomized (randomly assigned) in a group of Taichi, an exercise group and a control group, It showed that the group of Taichi was the only one in which the pulmonary function improved at the end of the six month duration of the program (Complimentary Therapies in Medicine, 2013).

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24280465

 

DIABETES

Qigong exercises are beneficial for people with type diabetes 2, according to the Australian study published in the American Journal of Preventive Medicine (2011). At the end of the 12 weeks, people with type diabetes 2 Qigong in the group improved by weight, abdominal circumference, the leg strength and resistance to insulin.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21767722

In another US study, the 12 Qigong practice weeks resulted in a significant reduction in the level of glucose in fasting blood (Diabetes Care, 2010).

http://care.diabetesjournals.org/content/33/1/e8.full

Two British study published in 2010 British Journal of Sports Medicine confirmed the benefits of Taichi for people with type diabetes 2. In one, meet at the end of the program 12 Taichi weeks, diabetic participants showed a significant reduction in the level of glycated hemoglobin, duplicate increased anti-inflammatory cells, and the decline in pro-inflammatory cells.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18385192

The second showed significant improvements over the level of blood glucose, weight, waist circumference, blood pressure and insulin resistance.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18927159

Korean scientists investigated the effect of Taichi in people with diabetic neuropathy, and they found improvements over the level of blood glucose, balance and quality of life (Journal of Alternative and Complimentary Medicine, 2012).

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22985218

The Australian study reached the same conclusions (Quality of Life Research, 2012).

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23143590

 

RECOVERY OF CANCER

The US study 40 people, publicado en la revista Journal of Cancer Survivorship (2013), showed that a program of Qigong 12 week using a significantly reduce fatigue and improve the state of emotional well-being of survivors of prostate cancer. The conclusion was that the "Qigong may be an effective intervention nofarmacológica in managing fatigue and emotional distress for survivors of prostate cancer."

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24170679

The study in Hong Kong and published in the journal Integrative Cancer Therapy (2013) He found that Qigong exercises helped reduce the side effects of breast cancer surgery, lymphedema, and improve circulation.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23749481

The American study published in 2013 in the journal Cancer found that the practice of Qigong can reduce symptoms of depression in women with breast cancer during treatment radiography. 96 Women with breast cancer were assigned to the group of Qigong or control group. After attending classes Qigong (5 times the week, kind of 40 minutes) during the 5 or 6 weeks of radiotherapy, women in the Qigong group showed improvements in symptoms of depression, and also they reported to have less fatigue and better quality of life. In the control group these changes were not observed.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23355182

Australian researchers concluded that Qigong has multiple benefits for cancer patients. Participants in the program Qigong 10 weeks showed not only an improvement in quality of life, but also a significant reduction in blood levels of C-reactive protein, an important indicator of inflammation (Support Care Cancer, 2012)

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21688163

Another American study obtained similar results evaluating the effect of the practice of Taichi (Journal of Cancer Survivorship, 2012).

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22160628

Research conducted in China and published in the American journal Cancer Nursing (2013) It concluded that the practice of Taichi in the postoperative period may improve immune system function in survivors of lung cancer in a way that can prevent re-occurrence of tumors.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23051870

 

Musculo-skeletal conditions

The study 122 participants with chronic neck pain, published in the journal Spine (2007), He concluded that after three months of practicing Qigong participants showed a marked improvement in the frequency and intensity of pain.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18090079

Another study 123 Participants made in Germany and published in the same journal, he discovered that six months of practicing Qigong is beneficial for people with chronic neck pain (Spine, 2011).

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21178832

The Swedish study concluded that half hour a day Qigong helps reduce neck pain (Complimentary Therapies in Clinical Practice, 2011).

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21168116

In research conducted in the US by Arthritis Foundation, 332 participants with osteoarthritis and arthritis were randomized to Taichi Sun style and the control group. At the end of the six-week program, the Taichi group participants showed improvement in pain level, fatigue, joint mobility and sense of well being (2010 Annual Scientific Meeting of the American College of Rheumatology, Abstract 690).

http://www.med.unc.edu/www/newsarchive/2010/november/study-tai-chi-relieves-arthritis-painimproves-reach-balance-well-being

The quality of life in older people with osteoarthritis of the knee improved by practicing Taichi, according to the study published in Clinical Rehabilitation (2009).

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19389743

Taichi can reduce the pain of knee osteoarthritis, according to the US study published in the journal Arthritis and Rheumatism (2009). In this study forty people (middleaged 65 years old) They were divided into the group of Taichi (shape 10 Yang simplified) and the control group (educational classes and stretching). After 12 weeks practice, participants Taichi group showed a significant decrease in pain compared to the control group.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19877092

In the Korean study similar results were obtained (Clinical Rehabilitation, 2009).

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19389743

In the Australian study 160 volunteers (age of 18 the 70 years old) with chronic back pain were divided into Taichi group and the control group. After ten weeks practicing Taichi, participants showed a decrease in the level of pain, and improved mobility (Arthritis Care and Research, 2011).

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22034119

Taichi is beneficial for people with rheumatoid arthritis, according to the study published in the Journal of Clinical Nursing (2012). Those who met the program 12 Taichi weeks improved the level of pain both, as the level of performance.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22830622

ADDICTIONS

In the US study 248 Participants treated in a residence for substance addiction could choose to participate in the meditative Qigong or "program of relaxation and stress management". Participants in both groups showed a greater response to anti-addiction. In addition, participants in the Qigong group reported a greater reduction in withdrawal (Journal of Alternative and Complimentary Medicine, 2010).

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20649456

The Chinese-American study concluded that qigong improves the results of anti-addiction treatment for heroin addicts (Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine, 2002).

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11795622

PSYCHOLOGICAL WELFARE

US researchers studied the ability of Qigong to reduce stress on employees of a hospital, and they found that the level of perceived stress dropped significantly in the Qigong group compared with the control group (Journal of Alternative and Complimentary Medicine, 2008).

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3152799/

The experimental study was to investigate whether an end the practice of Taichi reduced stress markers in healthy people. 70 Volunteers were divided into Taichi group and the control group. After three months of practice, participants underwent standard psychological stress test (participants had to talk and mental arithmetic in front of the public). Compared to the control group, the Taichi group participants had reduced heart rate and cortisol levels in the saliva, low (Psychoneuroendocrinology, 2012).

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22222120

A systematic review of existing research concluded that the practice of Taichi is related to an improvement in many aspects of psychological health. The review of 40 studies total 3817 Participants concluded that practicing Tai Chi regularly had significant benefits increasing the sense of psychological well-being, reducing stress, anxiety and depression, improving mood and self-esteem (BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine, 2010).

http://bmccomplementalternmed.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/1472-6882-10-23

Spanish scientists investigated the psychological effect of a month of practice of Qigong taking blood tests before and after the program and through questionnaires about symptoms of depression and anxiety and sleep quality. While the level of proinflammatory cytokines in the blood did not change in this study, a significant improvement in the perception of psychological well-being and quality of sleep was observed (Journal of Health Pscychology, 2009).

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19129338

The US study 118 men and women between 60 and 90 years with sedentary lifestyle found a significant improvement in sleep quality to meet the program 24 Taichi weeks, compared to the control group that practiced exercises sitting (Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, 2004).

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15161452

Researchers in Hong Kong conducted a meta-analysis 26 existing studies, and they found many benefits of Qigong to cardiac and respiratory and psychological health. The researchers linked these beneficial effects on reducing stress through the practice of Qigong (Psychophysiology, 2009).

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19170945

OTHER CONDITIONS

According to German researchers, Qigong can be beneficial for people suffering from tinnitus. The study 80 Participants found improvements in the Qigong group compared with the control group (Journal of Phychosomatic Rearch, 2010).

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20708452

The German study published in the journal BMC Neurology (2014) investigated the potential benefits of Taichi in patients with multiple sclerosis, and he found "significant and consistent" improvements regarding the balance, coordination and symptoms of depression in the group of Taichi.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25145392

The US study of Taichi for people with peripheral neuropathy showed multiple benefits for this group of people (The American Journal of Chinese Medicine, 2010).

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20503464

The US study showed that Taichi along with the supplement of green tea polyphenols can improve the process of bone remodeling in postmenopausal women. 171 women with osteopenia were divided into four groups. After the conclusion of the program that lasted six months, the best results were obtained in the group that combined supplementation Taichi with polyphenols (Osteoporosis International, 2012).

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3288336/

The Canadian study indicated that Taichi can have multiple benefits for postmenopausal women (Menopause, 2011).

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21555960

Similar results were obtained in the French study (Journal of Aging Research, 2011).

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3092538/

A brief program Taichi helps improve balance in people who are recovering from stroke, according to a study in Hong Kong 2009. 136 Participants were divided into the group of Taichi (table of 12 movements) and group gymnastics. Taichi group produced better results at the level of balance and mobility.

http://nnr.sagepub.com/content/23/5/515

US investigators matched the program 12 Taichi weeks is more effective to prevent falls in stroke survivors than the usual care (Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 2014).

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24440643

The interesting study of immunity against varicella zoster found that the program 25 Taichi weeks up immunity to this virus at the same level as the vaccine (Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, 2007).

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17397428

Another study on the effect of the immune system Qigong concluded that this practice may increase the effect of flu vaccine (American Journal of Chinese Medicine, 2007).

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17708626

Taichi practice twice a week can help people with Parkinson's disease improve their balance and ability to walk, according to the US study in which 195 Parkinson's patients were randomized in the group of Taichi, other resistance training and stretching another. After 24 weeks participants Taichi group showed greater improvement on tests of postural stability than the other two groups (The New England Journal of Medicine, 2012).

http://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/NEJMoa1107911

The Chinese study also indicated the benefit of Taichi to improve balance and reduce the risk of falls in people with Parkinson (Clinical Rehabilitation, 2014).

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24519923

In the British study on the practice of Qigong for women with chronic fatigue, 18 Participants attended qigong classes once a week for six months, and also they were taught routine 15 minutes to practice daily at home. demonstrated benefits regarding sleep quality, vitality, social activity and psychological well-being (Evidence-based Complimentary and Alternative Medicine, 2009)

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18955297

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