The practice of Tai Chi and Qigong improves cardiovascular health

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The practice of Tai Chi and Qigong improves cardiovascular health

-A review shows that traditional Chinese exercises reduce blood pressure levels, HDL cholesterol and triglycerides.

Tai Chi is a sport that, originally developed as a martial art in ancient China, It is characterized by the realization of smooth, fluid movements. Consequently, Tai Chi facilitates postural stability and relaxation of the practitioner, reason why exercise is an exercise widely recommended for people of all ages.

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Practicing Tai Chi increases brain size

taijiquanScientists at the University of Florida (USA) and Fudan University in Shanghai (China) have shown that adults who practice Tai Chi three times a week have a higher brain volume and better on tests of memory and reasoning. The results are published in the journal Journal of Alzheimer’s Disease. The group of people who did not practice this exercise during the same period (8 months) he suffered a slight reduction in brain size, that is related to aging, cognitive impairment and dementia.

The researchers argue that aerobic exercise is associated with the production of growth factors in the brain. After the results, left them confirm whether activities such as Tai Chi, including a component of mental exercise, may have similar effects or even higher than other forms of exercise, helping us to stay physically and intellectually active as we age. “Our findings suggest that the reason that several epidemiological studies show that subjects who do more exercise or are more socially active have reduced risk of Alzheimer's is that these activities do grow critical regions of the human brain“, afirma James Mortimer, professor of epidemiology at the School of Public Health at the University of South Florida and coauthor of the study.

 

Source: www.muyinteresante.es


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Las buenas razones por las que el Taichi puede ser tu deporte ideal

thaichiSeguro que más de una vez hemos sentido admiración cuando vemos a gente, incluso de edad avanzada, que practica Taichi. Cómo son capaces de controlar su cuerpo con movimientos plásticos, lentos y en armonía. China, se cree que el Taichi puede retrasar el envejecimiento y prolongar la vida, incrementar la flexibilidad, fortalecer los músculos y los tendones, y ayudar a mejorar ciertas enfermedades como las del corazón o problemas de tensión alta, así como la artritis.

El Taichi es una forma de realizar ejercicio muy saludable y reporta beneficios evidentes en muy poco tiempo. Aunque es un ejercicio lento y suave y no es de los que acabas sin aliento, trabaja los componentes clave de la aptitud física: la fuerza muscular, la flexibilidad, el equilibrio y, en menor grado pero también, el acondicionamiento aeróbico.

El Taichi fortalece tanto las extremidades inferiores como las superiores así como los músculos de la base de la espalda y el abdomen.

En un estudio publicado en 2006, investigadores de la Universidad de Stanford comprobaron que la fuerza muscular de una serie de hombres y mujeres, mayores de 50 años cuya aptitud era inferior a la media y con al menos un factor de riesgo cardiovascular mejoraba al practicar Taichi. Después de tomar clases tres días a la semana, en apenas 12 semanas mostraron mejoría en la fuerza del tren inferior (medida por el número de veces que podían levantarse de una silla en 30 seconds) y la fuerza superior del cuerpo (medida por su capacidad de hacer flexiones de brazos).

En un estudio realizado en Japón se compararon varios tipos de ejercicio para comprobar cuál mejoraba más la fuerza entre sus practicantes. Un grupo hizó Taichi; otro caminaba a paso ligero, y otros entrenaban resistencia. Las personas que hicieron Taichi mejoraron más del 30% en la fuerza del tren inferior y el 25% en la fuerza del superior; casi tanto como los que participaron en el entrenamiento de fuerza, y mejor que los que caminaron a paso ligero.

Según la doctora Gloria Yeh, profesora asistente en la Escuela de Medicina de Harvard, “el Taichi fortalece tanto las extremidades inferiores como las superiores así como los músculos de la base de la espalda y el abdomen.”

En ese mismo estudio de Stanford se analizó y comprobó que la práctica del Taichi aumentaba significativamente la flexibilidad del cuerpo.

El Taichi mejora el equilibrio y, según algunos estudios, reduce el riego de caídas. La propiocepción, que define de algún modo la capacidad que tiene uno de detectar la posición del cuerpo en el espacio, se reduce y deteriora con la edad. El Taichi ayuda a entrenar y mantener esta función.

Si a estos tres grandes beneficios unes los siguientes, encontrarás en el Taichi una nueva forma de practicar ejercicio saludable y sobre todo podrás practicarlo durante toda la vida.

 

1. No es una moda pasajera

A diferencia de otros muchos ejercicios, el Taichi no es una nueva moda que desaparecerá tan rápido como lo hacen otras. Lleva practicándose más de mil años en China.

2. Es un ejercicio para todos

El tai chi es un ejercicio de movimientos suaves y moderados, por lo que cualquier persona de cualquier condición física puede practicarlo.

3. Incrementa la fuerza, el equilibrio y la ​​resistencia

El tai chi ha demostrado ser un ejercicio con beneficios significativos en materia de equilibrio, de fuerza, flexibilidad y de resistencia muscular.

4. Reduce el asma

Parece ser que el Taichi es muy beneficioso para los enfermos de asma, gracias al modo en que se realizan respiraciones profundas con cada movimiento.

5. Mejora la capacidad aeróbica

La capacidad aeróbica disminuye a medida que envejecemos, pero puede mantenerse si se entrena de forma regular. So, en otro estudio realizado para comprobar los efectos del Taichi sobre la salud, descubrieron que los individuos que practicaban Taichi con regularidad durante un año mostraron mayor capacidad aeróbica que los individuos sedentarios de la misma edad.

6. Reduce el estrés

La respiración junto con la concentración con la que se debe de realizar cada movimiento de Taichi supone un modo efectivo de relajación. La conexión mente y cuerpo para realizar cada movimiento con la concentración requerida y con la respiración adecuada promueve la relajación y evita el estrés. Es meditación en movimiento.

7. Mejora la movilidad

La velocidad con la que nos movemos caminando se reduce con la edad. En un estudio, se encontró que los individuos que practican tai chi caminaban significativamente más rápido que aquellos que no lo practicaban.

9. Bueno para las articulaciones

Muchas formas de ejercicio someten a los hombros, las rodillas, la espalda y otras articulaciones a una tensión excesiva, no natural, por lo que terminan desarrollando problemas en las articulaciones. El Taichi clásico en cambio las protege, fortalece la musculatura que ayuda a mantener las articulaciones ‘sanas’, promoviendo posturas correctas que ayudan a corregir problemas en las mismas.

El Taichi te enseña a soltar las articulaciones, relajar el cuerpo y modificar la postura poco a poco con el fin de evitar sobrecargas inconvenientes de las articulaciones.

  Source: El Confidencial

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expansion

Western medicine looks to the East

Until recently TCM has been virtually ignored by Western medicine. But is gaining more followers.

expansion

Traditional Chinese medicine teaches us that some people are likely to have fever and inflammation in parts of the body, while others are more likely to catch colds. Such as entrenched ideas in Asia are based on thousands of years of experience with patients, but are not supported by many scientific studies.

Researchers from some of the best universities in China, those who now have joined Europe and the US, are using Western techniques to analyze complex biological systems and adapt to the Chinese notion that the body is an interconnected whole. The idea is to study how genes interact and proteins in the body as a disease develops rather than examining genes or molecules separately. "Traditional Chinese medicine treats diseases from all points of view, explica Jennifer Wan, Professor of Biology at the University of Hong Kong, specializing in traditional Chinese medicine (TCM, for its acronym in English). Western medicine tends to examine people and diseases separately; this does not help to have a thorough understanding of the disease, ensures Wan. To achieve these objectives, Research on Traditional Chinese Medicine should improve.

With the studies of Chinese herbal remedies, for example, scientists do not usually record the plants studied, making it difficult to know what the remedies are made. Qihe Xu, professor at King's College London, recently acted as coordinator of a committee 200 Scientists intended to study the best practices of traditional Chinese medicine. Experts, if TCM treatments be endorsed by more scientific studies, could serve for drug development.

Beginning

According to Traditional Chinese Medicine, diseases arise from imbalances in the body caused by an environment or an unhealthy lifestyle. Symptoms like having dry mouth or coated tongue are signs of a malfunction of some body systems. Although Western doctors often ignore these signs, in traditional Chinese medicine are a guide to treat patients.

A skilled doctor of TCM to know if someone has the syndrome of cold or heat can use this information as the first track to study related to the immune system or metabolism problems, as gastritis, rheumatoid arthritis or cancer. In cities across China are doctors who practice TCM and other professionals who prefer western medicine. Many patients come to the latter for certain situations, as a serious illness, but prefer traditional medicine as a measure to prevent disease. Until recent years, TCM has been virtually ignored by Western medicine, but is lately gaining popularity among the scientific community.

The US government established in 1998 National Centrol for Complementary and Alternative Medicine. The organization already has a budget of over 120 million to fund research on the efficacy and safety of alternative medicine. One of the aspects that most scientists are studying TCM is syndrome of cold or heat. Although the work is still in its initial phase, I could turn around research integrating biological approaches to the experience of patient care in TCM, says Dr. Cheng, Yale University, who also chairs the Consortium for Globalization of Chinese Medicine.

In a number of studies, el doctor Shao Li, Deputy Director of the Division of Bioinformatics, Tsinghua University Beijing, and his team examined patients with syndromes of cold and heat to check if they showed symptoms from conditions such as gastritis. To determine whether patients with gastritis syndromes were cold or heat, researchers raised questions as whether patients had cold extremities, if they had a preference for hot drinks or tendency to catch cold. Doctors also examine the mood of patients: one of the symptoms of subjects with cold syndrome is apathy. According to Li, easy to detect these symptoms could be useful. It remains to be seen whether the treatment would be different for patients suffering cold or heat syndrome of the same disease.

Chinese medicine expert examined in both types of patients, paying attention to the chemicals produced by your body's immune system related. The differences between them could lead to different treatments depending on the type of patient. People with cold syndrome may benefit from hormone treatments, whereas individuals with heat syndrome may need immune therapies, believes Herman van Wietmarschen, researcher at the Netherlands Organisation for Applied Scientific Research.

Other studies also found differences in the chemical composition of urine as a function of cold or heat syndrome. Li's group continues to test the biological markers associated syndromes of cold and heat to classify different types of diseases, including cancer. The next step will be to develop more personalized treatments for serious diseases based on the two syndromes. Researchers believe they can find a better way to connect the Eastern and Western medicine.

Source: Expansión.com


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